Dr. H.K. Bali - Cardiologist, Chandigarh

Dr. H.K. Bali

Director Cardioloy, Fortis Mohali

Areas of Expertise: Angioplasty, Coronary Intervention

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Arrhythmias in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, particularly nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular premature beats are a common finding in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Several investigations have demonstrated that nonsustained ventricular tachycardia on Holter monitoring is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. It has been a long lasting controversial discussion whether suppression of these arrhythmias with drugs, such as amiodarone is capable to reduce the incidence of sudden cardiac death. While recent studies have indicated that nonsustained ventricular tachycardia in asymptomatic patients without additional risk factors, such as a positive family history of sudden cardiac death or syncope should not be treated prophylactically with amiodarone. Symptomatic patients with sustained ventricular tachycardias and/or syncope related to ventricular arrhythmias should undergo ICD implantation. The implantation of an ICD in asymptomatic patients should be limited to those who have several risk factors for sudden cardiac death. It is questionable whether other risk stratified, such as programmed electrical stimulation may be helpful to identify asymptomatic patients who are at risk to die suddenly. Moreover, whether the demonstration of electrocardiogram fractionation during the electrophysiological study is superior to the induction of sustained ventricular arrhythmias for risk stratification, needs further investigation.


Sapru RP, Bali HK, Varma JS, Rao N. Arrhythmias in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Ind Heart J 1991; 43(4): 251.