Takayasu Arteritis in children and young Indians
Twenty four patients of Takayasu arteritis (TA) aged less than 18 years were studied over a period of 20 years (1978-98). There were 4 males and 20 females with a male: female ratio of 1:5. The mean age of presentation was 14 years and the disease had a mean onset of time 4+/-1.5 months prior to admission to the hospital. Hypertension was the commonest mode of presentation seen in 83% of patients. 16% patients had congestive heart failure. Left ventricular hypertrophy was present in 54% patients. Angiographic findings showed that abdominal aorta was the commonest segment of the aorta that was involved (71% cases). Renal artery was involved in 75% cases. Treatment modalities included antihypertensive drugs in 19 patients, antitubercular drugs in 7 patients and steroids in 7 patients. Renal angioplasty was performed in 2 patients with excellent results. On follow up 2 patients died. The causes of mortality were a renal failure and heart failure in one patient each. The clinical profile of young patients with TA is similar to that of adults with this disease.
Jain S., Sharma N. Singh S. Bali HK, Kumar L, Sharma BK Takayasu Arteritis in children and young Indians. Inter J Cardiol 75 (2000) S153-S157. (0.662)